Biology & Behavior
The coyote and its relatives have been subjected to guns, traps, and poisons for many years and they continue to live in close proximity to humans. Coyotes can be very brave in their attempts to get food. Daylight raids are not uncommon; however, the usual suburban coyote moves under the cover of darkness, taking advantage of the situation. The chief food of coyotes includes rabbits, ground squirrels, gophers, meadow mice, deer and antelope fawns, fruits, insects, and livestock. Coyotes generally make their dens by enlarging an existing burrow by digging. An average litter consists of 6 pups born in the early spring. The most significant enemy of the coyote is the human.
Coyote footprints are oval-shaped and measure approximately 2.5 inches long by 2 inches wide. They register four toes with claws in both front and hind feet. Their tracks are relatively symmetrical, though they can show a slight lead toe/claw that allows left and right feet to be differentiated.
Coyote scat may be up to 4 inches long & 3/4 of an inch in diameter. Their scat may contain evidence of hair, bones, fruits & berries. … Their scat is blunt ended 3/4 to 1 inch in diameter. Deer scat is oval in shape, pellet like 1/2 to 5/8 inches in diameter, black in color scattered piles
The coyote eats fruits, grasses, vegetables, insects, rodents, deer, and small mammals. In addition coyotes are also predators of domestic livestock, specifically sheep and goat, they present a danger to pets such as dogs and cats, and there are records of coyotes attacking small children.