Pocket gophers, also known simply as gophers, are burrowing rodents that spend most of their lives underground. They construct their burrows by digging a main tunnel up to 18 inches below the ground and then excavating a series of lateral tunnels that branch off from the main one. This keeps gophers protected as they forage for food and raise their young.
Their burrowing and tunneling activities, however, create headaches for property owners, as gopher burrows can feature up to 600 feet of tunnels marked by mounds of dirt that ruin the appearance of lawns and gardens. Gopher problems also arise when the rodents feed on garden crops, ornamental plants, shrubs, and trees.